From anise to cinnamon: 7 spices, the medical effect19/12/2019
The aromatic plant, anise (Pimpinella anisum) growing 30 to 80 cm high and blooms in July with small white flowers. Your seeds are in a Mature condition, grey brownish, three to five millimeters long and have slightly edged protruding, lighter Ribs. To crop the young herb, and the seeds Mature.
In the kitchen is anise, a popular spice for breads, cakes and pastries (anise cookies). It is easier to digest fits in with vegetables (red cabbage) or salad (Red beet) and – in small quantities – hearty meat dishes. In addition, anise different alcohol gives drinks their typical Aroma, such as anisette, Pernod, Pastis and Ouzo.
In medicine, used to the dry, ripe seeds, the typical anise odor when rubbed significantly to smell is. The scent comes from the essential Oil.
Anise and anise oil to relieve mild stomach and intestinal cramps and bloating, and can stimulate both the appetite and the digestion. In addition, anise helps to fight mild inflammation of the upper Airways and a cough expectorant.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a reed-like-growing Shrub, with its rhizome (underground shoot axis) propagated vegetatively. This Ginger rhizome is used both in the kitchen as well as medical – the adhesive thread-like roots separated.
In the kitchen fits ginger with its lemon-like sharp flavor to both savory dishes (e.g., chicken soup, pumpkin soup or carrot soup) and sweet foods (e.g. ginger biscuits). Also in some drinks (such as ginger beer or ginger ale) ginger is included. With fresh ginger, you can aromatize the water itself.
In medicine is the rhizome of ginger is useful, because the digestive function supports and anti-Nausea helps. So ginger root can relieve, for example, the symptoms of motion sickness or mild spasmodic gastro-intestinal discomfort with bloating. A Cup of ginger tea before eating can reduce the subsequent feeling of fullness.
Real caraway (Carum carvi), also pointed caraway is a biennial Plant: In the first year forms only a rosette of leaves, then in the second year, up to 100 cm high, branched and beblätterter sprout growing out of it.
Caraway seeds blooms from may to July, with many small white to pink flowers. It is used in the tire state, brown, three-to-six-Millimeter long seeds.
In the kitchen fits caraway seeds to cabbage, meat, potatoes, cheese, Quark, bread, vegetables, soups, salads, liqueurs and Sauerkraut. The seasoning imparts a slightly sweet, anise-like Aroma and a certain sharpness. Who does not bite so keen on whole cumin seeds, you can instead use cumin powder or seeds in a linen bag to cook with.
In medicine, use cumin seeds and cumin: cumin has an appetite-stimulating and antispasmodic action. Accordingly, the spice is suitable as a medicinal product against digestive complaints such as flatulence and bloating. Cumin oil can also be used for external use (i.e. in the abdominal area and RUB in).
Turmeric can be of two plants: yellow root (Curcuma longa), and the Javanese turmeric (Curcuma zanthorrhiza). Its large leaves grow with a long stem from the Sprouts up to 120 centimeters high. Both plants are the ginger very similar. Their rhizomes are saffron yellow.
In the kitchen, it is estimated the dried, powdered rhizomes of turmeric as a sharp spice. Fresh tubers have a similar to ginger with a slightly burning and astringent taste. Turmeric powder tastes a bit milder and more bitter. It is an important ingredient of curry powder.
Turmeric can also be stuck as an ingredient in various foods – such as mustard, sauces and pasta. When cooking, the spice can give, for example, Risotto, vegetables, pans, soups, egg dishes and Chutneys a special flavor.
In medicine use turmeric because of its stimulating effect on the production of bile and the digestion of fat. So Turmeric rhizome helps for example, against digestive complaints such as bloating, flatulence and constipation.
Marjoram (Origanum majorana) is an annual Plant. The herb grows up to 50 centimetres high, is branched and usually hairy. Its flowers are pink or white and appear from July to September. One uses the young shoots and the flowering herbs – fresh or dried.
In the kitchen is a marjoram is a popular seasoning for potato dishes, meat and tomato sauce. In tomato sauce, and Pizza marjoram is also a good Alternative to Oregano. Furthermore, marjoram fits poultry, meats and raw vegetables. The spice is a good digestive aid in meatloaf or white beans.
Hard-to-digest food and meals, for example mushrooms, onions, legumes, liver sausage, fat, meat dishes, or fried potatoes – are more easily digestible when they are seasoned with marjoram. To not reduce the flavor of the seasoning herb, it is added in it is best only towards the end of the cooking time.
In medicine, the use of dried marjoram herb. Its ingredients mucus act as expectorant and appetizer. According to marjoram, for example, helps with colds and flu, gastro-intestinal complaints (such as bloating and flatulence), and loss of appetite. Inflammation in the nose input can be treated externally with marjoram ointment.
Real thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is an aromatic dwarf shrub. Its small leaves are hairy on the underside and on the edge of the bottom rolled up so that they look like needle-like. The Plant blooms pink, purple may to September. You used the shoots and the herb – fresh or dried.
In the kitchen, cooking dry thyme leaves, while fresh branches only at the end of the cooking time adds and before the food is removed again. Thyme has an intense aroma and tastes rather bitter. In dried Form the flavor is stronger.
Young thyme shoots to fit in with cottage cheese, meat and vegetable dishes (e.g. tomatoes and eggplants). Also Pizza, mushroom dishes, sauces and fruity Desserts, you can spice up well. Thyme AIDS digestion, makes hearty dishes.
In medicine uses the herb (such as wild thyme tea) and the thyme. Thyme is an expectorant, anti-bacterial and anti-spasmodic. Accordingly, thyme herb, for example, in the case of cold-related cough and whooping cough used (e.g. in tea, cough syrup or drops).
Wild thyme tea can skin also be used externally for inflammation of the oral mucosa and against mouth odour use (as of the mouth and throat of water). Thyme oil is intended for external use: As a Bath additive, or in ointments for Rubbing cold symptoms can relieve it.
Cinnamon is the cinnamon bark from the thinner branches of the evergreen cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum verum) comes from.
In the kitchen is used on the cinnamon, especially as a classic Christmas spice, for example, for biscuits, gingerbread, baked apples, mulled wine, punch and tea. The seasoning but also to rice pudding, fruit salad and plum jam, as well as to dine to many a savory – such as Moussaka, curries and Chutneys. Cinnamon has a mildly sweet to fiery flavor.
In medicine, the use of the cinnamon bark and the cinnamon oil, the digestive function is to support and discomfort to combat. So cinnamon slight spasm can relieve like discomfort in the stomach-intestinal area, bloating. Cinnamon bark can also help against light diarrhea.
Aromatic plants can have a positive impact on the health – both in medicines and in food and dining.
Online information of the German Federal centre for nutrition (BZfE): www.bzfe.de (retrieval date: 22.2.2019)
Online information of the cooperation herbal products: www.arzneipflanzenlexikon.info (release date: 22. February 2019)
Info Bulletin of the aid information service for food, agriculture, consumer protection, e. V., Bonn (today: Federal centre for nutrition): medicinal and spice plants from the own garden (2015)
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*The contribution “From anise to cinnamon: 7 spices that have medical impact” is published by Onmeda. Contact with the executives here.