Assistance: pastoral care in the hospital28/11/2018
An accident or a serious illness can divide a life into a Before and After. Why me? How should I endure this? Who unterstützt me? Where can I find? Such thoughts in her hospital bed köcan quälend. Many clinic patients are happy when you are with one of the chaplains to speak köcan. And it must längst not more go to God.
Pastoral care as a service
Behind the pastoral care in the hospital hauptsä are still;actually, the two großen German mainstream churches, she understands, but as an offer für all of the patients. Tätig dafür the layman as a priest.
"We are a service provider. We don’t want to proselytize, but the Bedüneeds of the people hören", Christoph Kreitmeir, a Catholic priest and chaplain at the Klinikum Ingolstadt says. If he parts with a patients ‘ Faith, see it simply as a professional Zuhörer. To signal this, he also ömore often on the typical weißen a priest collar.
Without a Psalm and priest collar
His Protestant colleague at the Medical school of Hannover, Lars Wißman who formulated it is still deut: "It doesn’t need a Psalm, but the people on the side. This is a very different approach than 30 or 40 years ago." Wißman küGod to Christians of all denominations and, on request, to atheists or Andersgläubige, about Muslims.
The Trend towards so-called interreligiösen pastoral care can also bestä Constantin Klein;transparent. He is the only Professor für "Spiritual Care" in Germany and stands behind a concept, the üabout classical pastoral care.
Spiritual Care has developed in the world of hospice and palliative care movement. Especially the British artist Cicely Saunders promoted the idea that stämore on the spiritual Bedüthe needs of patients at the end-of-life &ndash is received; and not just by pastors, but by the entire staff, the care of the Dying.
"This does not always have a long Gespräch. The decisive factor is the Haltung" is;, erläexplained Small. Simple questions after, a wakefulness für the whole person. The approach aims to ensure that every human being chaplains to be könne.
In search of the essence of
Spiritualität has füto do r Small a lot with the search for the inner essence, with the question: What’s my own, Even? The connectedness with other people and nature, für Gläubige also with God. "Therefore, Spiritualitä is;t and pastoral care, in principle, also lived, when you are with friends über basic topics austauscht", so Small.
The Spiritual-Care-concept is becoming increasingly popular üabout palliative medicine. In the case of Constantin Small hören medical students appropriate Lectures, and the churches to provide training. "Come to us interested Ä about;doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, Logopäthe and also Putzfrauen", Pastor Wiß says;man. Here, the term Spiritualitä draws apparently;t. "The chic sounds like Seelsorge", Klein says. In terms of content, the differences are slight.
In the Gespräwith patients are based, many of the hospital chaplains in a scheme in four steps. What happened? How are you? Who is with you? What’s next? The größspace can take the second question, Wißman.
Call in the pain
If the Patient wants to engage in it, he gets on his pastors a safe space für emotions. Wißman: "I think the crisis, the helplessness, the fear, and cry, and word, and weightlessness." It is going to offer the other people resonance. In the pain to flü to go, instead of in dam important;want to.
The disease as a forced break from the daily grind öopens the view on existential themes of life. Pastors have it is often with Gefüto do this select of guilt and remorse. If the previous life auflöst and the grief üabout the Vergäaccessibility groß is, guides priest Kreitmeir the focus on the "Frükilled the Vergangenheit", on all the Positive, could someone experience.
Ill want to versö often;stand up
Also unbewältigte conflicts come up. Typically, the desire to Versö was;reconciliation with Familienangehömembered. "Seriously ill patients often want to a life of confession ablegen", so Kreitmeir. As a priest, he can directly from the Gespräch to the sacrament of confession üpass. Religiösen patients, it helps if you absolved of guilt, and in your trust in God bestäbe rkt.
Spiritual also happens outside of well-known rituals. Wißhusband suggested an atheistic family, everyone should pronounce a sentence, the just-deceased father kö said;could. The son got a kind of blessing word, the parting was easier. "Thus, the border between death and life once again üexceeded."
Assistance für other denominations
In many hospitals there are now also special pastoral care-offers für Muslim patients, mostly dafür volunteers tätig. At the University hospital of Heidelberg, the main official Muslim chaplains Rachid Aboulfath works.
At the clinic, the Arab Lä be treated in addition to Muslims living in Germany, many patients, ;countries specifically for the treatment to arrive, as well as Flürefugees. "You fümiss you in the clinic, often helpless, understand certain Vorgänge nicht", Aboulfath says.
Between the cultures
In the work of the gebüsimply Moroccan is, therefore, often less of the Qur’an in the foreground, but rather Practical. "Häoften Angehö have;people of Muslim patients, for example, worry that when you Die, the offered religiösen rituals are not adhered to." Then Aboulfath sees itself as a "Culture-Mittler", Ä helps;doctors and nursing staff with information üabout the Ritualwäcal, after the death of a Muslim patient.
Again and again it comes to Missverständnissen and false assumptions. So had not asked, for example, a Patient, whether his lung cancer is a punishment from Allah, and he should cancel the therapy better. Thanks to Aboulfath it could go further. "The man helped it, that he zuhörte and he über was able to speak his Concerns. So he could make a decision fümake the gift of life."