The cold pressure, skin and heart15/11/2018
Russia covers a wave of cold air because winter is coming. Experts told about how extreme cold can affect our health.
Let’s start with the most obvious consequences like frostbite. They develop in the moment when the cold temperature damages parts of the body, most often the nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers and toes. After frostbite, the skin may look white or gray, it is hard or waxy to the touch. Often after frostbite formed bubbles on the skin, but to manage it becomes problematic. Frostbite require the attention of doctors, especially if they lead to tissue necrosis.
A considerable health risk is hypothermia, when our body temperature falls below 35C. As a result, the body loses more heat than it can produce, as if we were immersed in ice water. Hypothermia causes shivering, confusion, fatigue, frequent urination. If the person does not as a matter of urgency, the consequences can be very severe, including death. Cold weather also triggers the likelihood of heart attacks. And all because of the fact that in the cold heart works harder to warm the body. The heart rate quickens, blood pressure rises, this is especially dangerous for people who already suffer from disorders of the cardiovascular system.
And now for the less obvious effects, which include dry skin and mucous membranes. The winter is very dry, and this temperature literally sucks moisture from the body. In addition, the space also becomes dry because of the actions of heating appliances, So it is best to use humidifiers. During harsh winters, people have problems with stability, which increases the risk of falls and fractures. It is especially dangerous to travel in winter for older people who have fractures heal slowly. Winter promotes a sedentary lifestyle, as in the cold especially do not walk. And this can result in obesity, heart disease and other problems. Finally, in winter, people often tucks into junk food like different kinds of cakes and cookies to warm up. And it also threatens our weight. (READ MORE)