Diabetes symptoms: Type-1 and type-2 signs you should never ignore

Diabetes symptoms: Type-1 and type-2 signs you should never ignore

10/06/2019

Today marks the start of Diabetes Week – an event that aims to raise awareness for one of Britain’s biggest health concerns.

More than 4.7 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with type-1 and type-2 diabetes.

And worryingly, thousands more are likely to be suffering from symptoms without even knowing they have the condition.

So what are the warning signs to look out for and how are they treated?

What is Diabetes Week?

The event aims to raise awareness for diabetes.

Organisers hope to dispel stigma patients feel, as well as banishing any misconceptions surrounding the condition.

This year, the awareness week runs from June 10 to 16.

Diabetes UK comments: “This year, Diabetes Week takes place from 10 to 16 June and we’re increasing the public’s understanding of diabetes.

“This will help tackle the stigma many people with all types of diabetes feel.

“We know diabetes is complicated and hard to understand so we want to help people know more about diabetes.

“Not just as a condition, but about how it feels to live with it. 

“We want people to see diabetes differently.”

What are the symptoms of type-1 diabetes?

Although most people are born with tpye-1 diabetes, it can manifest at any age.

The condition occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

The only treatment for this kind of diabetes is insulin – either injecting or infusing it into the body.

Symptoms of type-1 diabetes include:

  • Insatiable thirst
  • Weeing more than usual, particularly at night
  • Fatigue
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Reoccurring thrush
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow to heal cuts and grazes

What are the symptoms of type-2 diabetes?

Around 90% of diabetes patients are diagnosed with type-2.

This lifelong condition causes the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood to increase.

Type-2 diabetes increases heart attack and stroke risk, so it’s advisable to familiarise yourself with the warning signs.

Symptoms of type-2 diabetes:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Mood changes
  • Problems sleeping
  • Foot numbness or pain
  • Skin problems
  • Slow to heal wounds
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Yeast infections
  • High blood pressure

What to do if you think you have diabetes

If you’re worried about diabetes, it’s important to visit your GP for a check-up.

They may then carry out blood or urine tests before making a diagnosis.

If you are suffering from type-1 or type-2 diabetes, your doctor will then recommend treatment options.

They may advise you to make lifestyle changes, including tweaking your diet and cutting back on alcohol.

Medication may also be prescribed.

For more information, visit the NHS website.

  • Type-2 diabetes

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